COVID 19 | All You Need to Know About the Coronavirus

The world is standing together as one in these times to fight against the outbreak of Coronavirus causing the COVID-19 disease. The virus is unknown territory for us all at the moment as there isn’t much that is known about it. Therefore, fighting it has become tougher requiring additional researches and methodologies.

It is very important for the public to be updated about the situation and what can be done to remain safe. Given below is some of the most crucial information, sourced from reliable resources like the official website of the World Health Organization.

Please give it a good read and share with the ones you love to spread as much awareness as possible.

What is Coronavirus?

According to the WHO website, “Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.  In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).”

What is COVID-19?

According to the WHO website, “COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.”

COVID-19 Mythbuster #1

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are –
Dry cough
Runny nose

In some cases, aches and pains, nasal congestion, sore throat or diarrhoea may also be experienced. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell.

The WHO website states that around 80% of people recover from the disease without needing special treatment.

Those at a threat of developing illness with COVID-19 include older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.

COVID-19 Mythbuster #2

How does COVID-19 spread?

As per the WHO website, the virus can spread via the following ways –
– Between people through coughing or exhaling the virus while in proximity (it is thus advised that people maintain a distance of more than 1 meter/3 feet from an infected individual)
– Coughing or exhaling the virus on objects and surfaces around, which are then accessed by other people (it is thus advised that the public must refrain from touching their eyes, nose, or mouth)

How can one be protected during this outbreak?

While there is no guaranteed way of preventing the disease from being contracted, there are several ways to take precautions to reduce the chances of being infected. (Disclaimer: the precautions have been sources ‘as is’ from the WHO website for authentic and genuine information).

Protection Measures for Everyone

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

COVID-19 Mythbuster #3

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.

Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
Why? You have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.

COVID-19 Mythbuster #4

What are the precautionary measures for individuals who have travelled to places with cases of COVID-19?

Most of the COVID-19 cases reported in different parts of the world have been from cases of individuals traveling to different countries and being in contact with another infected person. Therefore, those who have been to areas (in the past 14 days) where COVID-19 cases have been diagnosed, they must follow an additional measure of self-care (Disclaimer: the precautions have been sources ‘as is’ from the WHO website for authentic and genuine information) –

COVID-19 Mythbuster #5

Follow the guidance outlined above (Protection measures for everyone)

Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people.
Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

COVID-19 Mythbuster #6

How useful is a mask for protection against COVID-19?

The World Health Organization states that Masks are only useful for individuals who are displaying symptoms of COVID-19 or are looking after individuals diagnosed with COVID-19. WHO strongly recommends against wastage of masks as they are a limited essential resource in the present scenario.

What is the current situation in terms of numbers?

As per the Situation Report 57 (17th March 2020), the following numbers are recorded –

179,111 confirmed (new 11,525 cases in the past 24 hours)
7426 deaths (new 475 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

COVID-19 Mythbuster #7

Western Pacific Region
91,779 confirmed (new 289 cases in the past 24 hours)
3,357 deaths (new 23 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

European Region
64,188 confirmed (new 8,506 cases in the past 24 hours)
3108 deaths (new 428 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

South-East Asia
508 confirmed (new 124 cases in the past 24 hours)
9 deaths (new 2 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

Eastern Mediterranean Region
16,786 confirmed (new 330 cases in the past 24 hours)
873 deaths (new 3 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

Regions of the Americas
4,910 confirmed (new 2,234 cases in the past 24 hours)
68 deaths (new 18 reported deaths in the past 24 hours)

African Region
228 confirmed (new 42 cases in the past 24 hours)
4 deaths (new 1 reported death in the past 24 hours)

COVID-19 Mythbuster #8

WHO RISK ASSESSMENT has put the situation at ‘Very High’ status on a Global Level

On February 28, 2020, the World Health Organization also uploaded a video about Protection against COVID-19 –

52 Testing Centres For Coronavirus In India

According to the Indian Council Of Medical Research (ICMR), there are 52 government-designated laboratories all over India for free testing of COVID-19 –

State/UT List

Andhra Pradesh
1. Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
Located in: Govt. Maternity Hospital
Address: Alipiri Rd, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh 517507
Phone: 0877 228 7777

2. Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Address: Medical College Road Opp Collector Office Maharanipeta King George Hospital Campus, Andhra Pradesh 530002
Phone: 089127 12258

3. GMC, Anantapur, AP
Address: Rahamat Nagar, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh 515001
Phone: 08554 – 249115, 274568

Andaman & Nicobar islands
4. Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar
Address: Post Bag 13, Dollygunj, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands 744103

5. Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati
Address: Narakasur Hilltop, Bhangagarh, Guwahati, Assam 781032
Phone: 0361 213 2751

6. Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh
Reaching ICMR RMRCNE, Dibrugarh
Phone: +91-373- 2381494, 2381548, 2381566, 2381207

7. Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna
Address: Sadikpur, Patna, Bihar 800007
Phone: 0612 263 6651

8. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
Address: Madhya Marg, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012
Phone: 0172 274 7585

9. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Raipur
Address: Great Eastern Rd, AIIMS Campus, Tatibandh, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492099
Phone: 077125 72240

10. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Delhi
Address: Sri Aurobindo Marg, Ansari Nagar, Ansari Nagar East, New Delhi, Delhi 110029
Phone: 011 2658 8500

11. National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi
Address: 22, Sham Nath Marg, Civil Lines, New Delhi, Delhi 110054
Phone: 011 2391 3148

12. BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad
Located in: Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad.
Address: B J Medical College, Asarwa, Gujarat 380016
Phone: 079 2268 0074

13. M.P. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar
Address: Pandit Nehru Marg, Indradeep Society, Jamnagar, Gujarat 361008
Phone: 0288 255 3515

14. Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Inst. of Med. Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
Address: Medical Rd, Rohtak, Haryana 124001
Phone: 01262 281 307

15. BPS Govt Medical College, Sonipat
Address: Ganaur – Gohana Rd, Khanpur Kalan, Haryana 131305
Phone: 01263 283 025

Himachal Pradesh
16. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Address: Ridge Sanjauli Rd, Lakkar Bazar, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh 171001
Phone: 0177 265 4713

17. Dr.Rajendra Prasad Govt. Med. College, Kangra, Tanda, HP
Address: Tanda Hospital Rd, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh 176001
Phone: 0189 226 7115

Jammu and Kashmir
18. Sher‐e‐Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar
Address: SKIMS Main Rd, Soura, Srinagar, 190011
Phone: 0194 240 1013

19. Government Medical College, Jammu
Address: Maheshpura, chowk, Bakshi Nagar, Jammu Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir 180001
Phone: 0191 258 4247

20. MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur
Address: Dimna Rd, Hill View Colony, Mango, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand 831020
Phone: 0657 236 0859

21. Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore
Address: New Tharagupet, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560002
Phone: 080 2698 1800

22. National Institute of Virology Field Unit Bangalore
Address: Jaya Nagar 1st Block, Jayanagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560011

23. Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore
Address: Irwin Road, next to Railway Station, Mysuru, Karnataka 570001
Phone: 0821 252 0512

24. Hassan Inst. of Med. Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka
Address: Shri Panchamukhi Medicals and Clinic, opp. Govt High School, Hassan, Karnataka 573201
Phone: 081722 31699

25. Shimoga Inst. of Med. Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka
Address: Sagar Road, Shivamogga, Karnataka 577201
Phone: 081822 29933

26. National Institute of Virology Field Unit, Kerala
Address: Vandanam, Kerala 688005

27. Govt. Medical College, Thriuvananthapuram, Kerala
Address: Ulloor – Akkulam Rd, near SAT hospital Medical College Junction, Chalakkuzhi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695011
Phone: 0471 252 8300

28. Govt. Medical College, Kozhikhode, Kerala
Address: 17 Medical College Road Medical College Junction, Near Police Station, Kozhikode, Kerala 673008
Phone: 0495 235 0216

Madhya Pradesh
29. All India Institute Medical Sciences, Bhopal
Address: Saket Nagar, AIIMS Campus, Saket Nagar, Bagh Swaniya, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462020
Phone: 0755 267 2322

30. National Institute of Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur
Address: Nagpur Road, near NSCB Medical Collage, Dhanvantri Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482003
Phone: 076123 70800

31. NEIGRI of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya
Address: Department of Radiology & Imaging, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya 793018
Phone: 0364 253 8013

32. Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur
Address: Mayo Hospital, Central Ave, Mominpura, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440018
Phone: 0712 272 5423

33. Kasturba Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Mumbai
Address: Sane Guruji Marg, Arya Nagar, Chinchpokli, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400034

34. J N Inst. of Med. Sciences Hospital, Imphal‐East, Manipur
Address: Porompat, Imphal, Manipur 795004
Phone: 0385 244 3144

35. Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar
Address: NALCO Nagar, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751023
Phone: 0674 230 1322

36. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry
Address: Jipmer Campus Rd, Gorimedu, Dhanvantari Nagar, Puducherry, 605006
Phone: 0413 227 1301

37. Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab
Address: Sangrur Rd, New Lal Bagh Colony, Patiala, Punjab 147001
Phone: 0175 221 2018

38. Government Medical College, Amritsar
Address: Medical Enclave, Amritsar, Punjab 143001
Phone: 0183 242 6918

39. Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur
Address: 2, Sawai Mansingh Rd, Dusadon Ka Bagh, Rambagh, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302007

40. Dr S.N Medical College, Jodhpur
Address: Residency Road, Near Sriram Excellency Hotel, Sector-D, Shastri Nagar, opposite Petrol Pump, Jodhpur, Rajasthan 342003
Phone: 0291 243 4374

41. Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
Address: N.H.-12, Kota Rd, Jhalawar, Rajasthan 326001
Phone: 07432 233 388

42. SP Med. College, Bikaner, Rajasthan
Address: S.P. Medical College, PBM Hospital, Bikaner, Rajasthan 334001
Phone: 0151 222 0115

Tamil Nadu
43. King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Chennai
Address: Guindy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600032
Phone: 044 2250 1520

44. Government Medical College, Theni
Address: Opp Govt Theni Medical College, K. Villakku, Tamil Nadu 625531
Phone: 04546 244 502

45. Government Medical College, Agartala
Address: 79 Tilla, Agartala, Tripura 799006
Phone: 0381 235 6701

46. Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad
Located in: Gandhi Hospital
Address: Gandhi Hospital, Musheerabad, Padmarao Nagar, Secunderabad, Telangana 500003
Phone: 040 2750 2742

Uttar Pradesh
47. King’s George Medical University, Lucknow
Address: Shah Mina Rd, Chowk, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226003
Phone: 0522 225 7540

48. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Address: Aurobindo Colony, Banaras Hindu University Campus, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221005
Phone: 0542 236 7568

49. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh
Address: Medical Rd, AMU Campus, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh 202002

50. Government Medical College, Haldwani
Address: Rampur Rd, Rampur, Haldwani, Uttarakhand 263129
Phone: 05946 282 824

West Bengal
51. National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata
Address: P- C.I.T. Scheme XM, Beleghata, 33, CIT Rd, Subhas Sarobar Park, Phool Bagan, Beleghata, Kolkata, West Bengal 700010
Phone: 033 2363 3373

52. IPGMER, Kolkata
Address: 244, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Rd, Bhowanipore, Kolkata, West Bengal 700020
Phone: 033 2204 1101

Stay healthy, stay safe!

DATA SOURCE: WHO and Google Search

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